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The components of a doctoral dissertation and their order

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❶If so, briefly discuss what that follow-up study will need to entail. Purchasing a dissertation is convenient and it saves a lot of time When a graduate decides to buy dissertation online, he saves time, gets competent material and prepares for a defense in a relaxed atmosphere.

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The list of Illustrations is usually titled simply Illustrations , but appears as List of Illustrations in the table of contents. A list of tables usually titled just Tables but entered in the table of contents as List of Tables contains all tables and their page numbers.

The titles of the tables may be shortened if needed. The abstract includes a concise description of the thesis — the problems discussed in it and their proposed solution. The abstract must focus on the result of the scientific investigation, rather than giving the background and methodology for the investigation. This is why people read the abstract: The abstract is a self-contained text and should not contain references.

If this is needed, then you can include the whole reference in the abstract. The abstract is best written towards the end of the dissertation writing process. The abstract will be the most widely read and published part of your thesis: In the acknowledgement you thank the people who have contributed to your doctoral degree by providing academic supervision, administrative support, food and shelter, friendship, etc.

First and foremost, you should thank your main supervisor, followed by the co-supervisor s and the people who have helped you shape your academic profile. It is a good idea to thank the administrative staff at the Faculty, who will have most likely helped you sort out some problems during your postgraduate studies. You can then continue with thanking your close colleagues, friends, spouse, kids, parents, and optionally God.

The acknowledgements are the only place in the dissertation where you may reveal personal information about yourself and your life. It is less formal than the rest of the dissertation and can include jokes, sentences in foreign language, etc.

Keep in mind though that a lot of people who do not know you personally will read this part, so you should not be too personal and revealing. It is a good idea to prepare a list of people to include in the acknowledgements before one has started writing them. You can begin with this list months before you submit your dissertation; stick a post-it note on your desk and add the names of people to thank as you remember them.

The acknowledgements of a dissertation are the only part that everyone will read I believe that by the end of a defense event, everybody in the audience has read the acknowledgements in the dissertation copy before them. Make time to write it well and include all people you want to thank to. Be aware that the acknowledgements of your dissertation can form the basis for the selection of your defense committee.

Sometimes, the author may need to add a list of the transliterations used in the book. This is best done in the front matter and can include a table specifying the conversion of each symbol of the source alphabet into a symbol of the target alphabet. The list of abbreviation contains all the abbreviations used in the body text of the dissertation, listed in an alphabetical order. If the list is less than a page, it can be places on the left-hand page next to the first page of text.

The body matter contains the main text of the dissertation. It is commonly divided into chapters, which are often but not necessarily of approximately the same length. Each chapter title should provide a reasonable clue to the contents of the chapter. Choose short title chapters; in case this is not possible, consider having shorter versions to be used in the Table of Contents and as running heads.

The Introduction often includes a literature overview, where the author provides short summaries of works relevant for the topic. The goal with this exercise is twofold: The exact structure of the middle chapters may vary, depending on the scientific field. Dissertations in other fields may include one or more chapters on the theory and data. In some dissertations, the middle chapters are journal articles where the doctoral candidate is a first author. This model has certain disadvantages.

Firstly, the dissertation cannot be easily published as a book later on. It summarizes the conclusions of the scientific investigation, the solutions to the problems stated in the beginning, suggestions for future research, and practical implications of the findings. This chapter should be relatively short and preferably written in a way that it can stand alone. Avoid copy-pasting sentences from the Abstract and the Introduction.

Long chapters can be divided into sections, which can be further divided into subsections and sub-subsections. Our dissertation writers never stop their work by simply writing your tailored paper; they take much time to review or edit it.

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First, decide what your objective is in order to determine the problem the literature review will address. To critically evaluate the role of the electoral college in the national presidential election. Your chosen scope will come into play during this stage.

On the other hand, if you choose a narrowed focus, you could spend the same amount of time trying to find sources that fit your criteria. Beyond searching for sources through electronic databases, remember to consult your peers and academic advisors. Also, see if you can locate the sources cited in some of the references you initially find. Determine what to take and what will best serve the purpose of the review, going back to your objective and problem.

For this example, a historical structure would be appropriate as you could start with the earliest examples and work your way through to the present. Your point of view is taking the perspective of one side, so in this case it would also be appropriate to cite information that takes the other side of the argument and then critically evaluate the validity of that information.

You would likely need to discredit the validity by citing opposing evidence. You can analyze the information using quantitative methods, qualitative methods, or a mixture of both.

This stage involves revising the information, including what is kept intact, and what is tweaked, reduced and eliminated. Peer reviews and field experts can be an invaluable resource during this stage, especially prior to submitting the review to an academic committee.

You may need multiple revisions once the academic committee or dissertation supervisor reviews your work. Do not be discouraged by the revision process, as the supervisor and committee are there to help refine your dissertation to increase its chances of becoming publishable material. After you finish your literature review, look at the notes you made about the information.

What unfulfilled question appears to be the most promising in terms of testability? A restricted diet of 1, to 1, calories per day leads to a simultaneous decrease in body fat percentage, overall weight, and muscle weight percentages. A restricted diet of 1, to 1, calories per day does not lead to a simultaneous decrease in body fat percentage, overall weight, and muscle weight percentages.

Is your question going to be making a prediction, describing an observation, or describing a pattern? This will determine how you write the hypothesis and shape it.

The independent variable can best be identified by isolating what factor is causing a difference, or what factor represents a polar-opposite difference. Be sure to sync your hypothesis with your methodology covered below.

It might also make sense to have access to participants who currently have an unhealthy or high percentage of body fat. The next section should explain how the data was collected and how the data was analyzed. Be sure to also give a description of your technique. Explain why your data is reliable and others can trust its accuracy. Also, explain the reasoning behind limitations to your sample size and analysis. An example would be why only one type of demographic was surveyed.

Think about how you want to organize your discussion into various sections, either by the eight points of discussion mentioned previously in this guide or by combining some of those points into larger chunks. Also, determine what results you will present in graphs and charts. Will those be inserted into the body of the discussion or be included in the appendices? Be sure to evaluate the meaning of your results and discuss whether those meanings are significant.

The second set of sections should discuss whether personal or outside biases impacted the results. While you should work to mitigate these biases, acknowledge any suspicion of them. Spend time showing your reader why your results are relevant, and why and how the results could impact the field. A discussion of the limitations should state the limitation s in terms of the methodology or approach, followed by an explanation of how the methodology or approach could be expanded. Did your results bring up any questions the results themselves were unable to answer?

Discuss those questions here and also suggest that these questions could be developed into future research studies. Alternatively, did your results indicate the need for a follow-up study? If so, briefly discuss what that follow-up study will need to entail. The conclusion should instill the main idea you want your readers to take away from your study. You should discuss your dissertation structure and content with an academic advisor or supervisory committee. Samples of written dissertation discussions can also help immensely, since samples demonstrate structure, content and tone.

Also, by presenting your main findings before your secondary findings, your readers can get a better sense of what they can take away from your research. The main findings should not only be more prevalent in terms of recurrence, but also significance.

Secondary findings will not necessarily make as much of an impact as your main findings, but are either worth mentioning or raise questions about the need for additional research.

The roadmap you provide to your readers should be contained within the first paragraph of the results section. Tell readers exactly what they can expect to read. Ideally, the roadmap will consist of one paragraph and provide readers with a complete outline of your results section. The data results you captured that reflect on your study in a positive way can be the beginning of your second paragraph.

Your primary results in the positive category should go first. If you are presenting visual aids in the appendices, make sure you refer to them in the paragraph.

The data results that retract from your study will need to be presented in a similar fashion. The best way to determine what is primary versus what is secondary is to ask whether the results tie in with your research question. Do the results provide an answer to the research question?

The main point to remember is not to confuse the results section with the discussion section, if they need to be separate. Pull out the main points of each section, revisit your thesis, look for weaknesses you can strengthen, and think about your recommendations and how your research is different from others.

Think about why your research and its results matter, not only to you and your academic discipline, but to the community at large. In other words, how does it make a difference? The first part of the conclusion section needs to review the most significant information from each section of the dissertation. How will this data have an effect? What do you believe that effect will be? Were they what you expected and why?

Do the results prove an idea that was previously unproven or thought of as unlikely? Think about these questions when in the final writing stage, or editing stage of your dissertation. The concluding paragraphs should state the most significant factor about your study and how future researchers could possibly expand upon it. Writing a conclusion can be both simple and complex. Writing a full dissertation can be an exhaustive, but exhilarating process. The task will probably seem daunting, but luckily there are several outside resources including our writer help section , and our dissertation help page.

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Enter code newcust during checkout and save money on your first order. Ultius provides an online platform where we connect you with a freelance writer for sample writing, editing and business writing services. The company encourages and expects fair use of our services. Here are the guidelines. The company offers free revisions, but there are some limitations like the deadline and whether we met the original instructions.

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Will my writer be capable of writing a PhD level dissertation? Sample Dissertation on Information Technology and E-Commerce With the ever-growing dominance of the Internet as the universal medium to purchase and sell goods, it is imperative to study how it works from a technological perspective.

Sample Dissertation on International Violence This sample dissertation is concerned with the causes of riots and collective social violence. The root causes were attributed to being caused by socioeconomic, ethnic and racial differences among individuals, especially immigrants and racial minorities Continue reading. The Future of Cable Television The rapid advancement and effects of technology continue to be a topic that warrants research and analysis.

Chapters to Include in Your Dissertation. Outline the foundation Map out an outline that summarizes the content you anticipate writing about in your subsequent sections. Use enticing language The introduction is your chance to spark interest in your dissertation and your research study. Details to include in a literature review. Characteristic Angles Concentration Theories, practical implementations, research methods and results Objective Determine main problems, critical analysis, synthesis Point-of-view Neutral, supportive of a perspective Structure Methodological, historical, conceptual Scope All-encompassing, wide with some selectivity, focused on main points, narrowed to a significant point Readership Public, practitioners, academics, academic specialists.

What is a hypothesis? Hypothesis type Definition Explanatory A statement that seeks to explain an observation. The statement can be tested, proven true, or proven false. Generalizing A statement that describes a pattern that has been noticed or witnessed. Prediction A statement that predicts a certain variable will impact other variables within restrictions of an experiment.

Independent and dependent variables. The methodology will address: An explanation of the approach Justification for the approach How your approach compares to past studies and research on your topic How reliable your data is Whether your approach and data have any limitations Out of all the sections of a dissertation, the methodology is critical to its acceptance. What has already been done? The three philosophical approaches. Were the results consistent with your thesis statement or hypothesis?

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The title of the thesis or dissertation in all capital letters and centered 2″ below the top of the page. Your name, centered 1″ below the title. Do not include titles, degrees, or identifiers. Dissertations and theses are an important and valuable tool for the library and the researcher in all areas of scholarship. Institutions can transform the library’s dissertations and theses, make institutional research globally discoverable from trusted databases, and .

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What comes first – the appendix or the bibliography? And what is the difference between a bibliography and a list of references? In this article, you can read about the main components of a doctoral dissertation and their order. A doctoral dissertation is a book, and books have a particular structure. In order to write a good, interesting and useful for society paper, a student needs devote at least a few months to this process. Unfortunately, not every graduate has enough time for self-fulfillment in all stages of the work on his assignment, and that is why it is easier to buy dissertation online.